Your rat is an omnivore, which means he eats both plant and animal material. In fact, rats are very similar to humans in what and how they eat. Like humans, they will eat when they are bored and can be prone to obesity, so it’s important to provide healthy foods in proper amounts.
All your rat needs for a healthy diet is a fortified complete feed and clean water. To assure that it is clean, water should be available at all times in a sipper bottle and not an open crock.
To optimize your pet’s health, look for a packaged, complete rat food designed especially for adult rats, with a balance of protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Proper food will improve the longevity of your pet.
If you need to change your pet’s diet, it’s important to convert to the new feed over a short period of time to avoid digestive upset. Take time to clean dishes daily and discard any leftover food.
Oxbow offers Regal Rat, a complete feed for adult rats that provides a balance of protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals.
Treats and Veggies
Treats are a great way to bond with your rat. You love giving treats and he loves eating them! However, the main purpose of a treat should be to encourage interaction between you and your pet. Treats are also a wonderful training aid.
Contrary to popular belief, cheese isn’t good for rats because it’s high in fat. Rats do not need a steady supply of carrots and other sweet treats like yogurt drops or seed sticks. Foods such as pretzels, cookies and cereals are too high in calories and starch, so they can lead to intestinal bloat. Offer all-natural treats only after your pet eats basic foods.
Rats also can have vegetables, but vegetables should be considered a treat. Vegetables like romaine, bib and red leaf lettuce are good choices for your rat. Tomatoes, parsley and cilantro can be fed for added variety. As with any new food, be sure to introduce new vegetables slowly to avoid upsetting your rat’s stomach and causing diarrhea.
Oxbow makes a number of healthy treats for rats, including: Papaya Fruit Plus, Daily C, Botanical Hay and others.